Raspberry Pi 5: Next generation performance boost

Blog header Raspberry Pi 5

October brought an unexpected and delightful surprise. Contrary to previous statements made by Eben Upton, the highly anticipated Raspberry Pi 5 made its unexpected debut in October, defying expectations for new product launches this year (2023).

The most important innovations

The new Raspberry Pi generation is hardly recognizable. The single board computer (SBC) is 2-3 times more powerful than Raspberry Pi 4, offering lightning-fast CPU speed, a PCI Express interface, a Real Time Clock (RTC) and a power button!

Raw Raspberry Pi 5 tech spec overview

  • Broadcom BCM2712 2.4GHz quad-core 64-bit Arm Cortex-A76 CPU, with cryptography extensions, 512KB per-core L2 caches and a 2MB shared L3 cache
  • VideoCore VII GPU, supporting OpenGL ES 3.1, Vulkan 1.2
  • Dual 4Kp60 HDMI® display output with HDR support
  • 4Kp60 HEVC decoder
  • LPDDR4X-4267 SDRAM (4GB and 8GB SKUs available at launch)
  • Dual-band 802.11ac Wi-Fi®
  • Bluetooth 5.0 / Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
  • microSD card slot, with support for high-speed SDR104 mode
  • 2 × USB 3.0 ports, supporting simultaneous 5Gbps operation
  • 2 × USB 2.0 ports
  • Gigabit Ethernet, with PoE+ support (requires separate PoE+ HAT)
  • 2 × 4-lane MIPI camera/display transceivers
  • PCIe 2.0 x1 interface for fast peripherals (requires separate M.2 HAT or other adapter)
  • 5V/5A DC power via USB-C, with Power Delivery support
  • Raspberry Pi standard 40-pin header
  • Real-time clock (RTC), powered from external battery
  • Power button

Let’s take a closer look at the details.

New Raspberry Pi 5, new chipset

The Raspberry Pi 5 shines with a completely new chipset:

  • Processor – BCM2712
  • Separate I/O controller – RP1
  • Power-management IC – Renesas DA9091 “Gilmour”

New application processor BCM2712 on board

As already mentioned, the new Raspberry Pi 5 enters the market with 2-3 times more computing power than its predecessor. This is made possible by the new processor - BMC2712.

The BMC2712 comes with 4 ARM cores clocked at 2.4 GHz instead of 1.8 GHz. The architecture upgrade from Cortex-A72 to Cortex-A76 allows processing more commands at the same time and is a real performance booster. Especially in combination with a 4 times bigger CPU cache (512KB L2 Caches & 2MB shared L3 Cache) and the LPDDR4X-4267 SDRAM storage, which is 78% faster than the old model. You can choose between 4GB or 8GB of RAM.

This is the first Raspberry Pi model that comes with a PCI Express port (PCIe 2.0 x1 with 500 MB/s) to attach SSDs (requires separate M.2 HAT). Like the Pi 4, the new Raspberry Pi 5 also features a microSD card slot that offers double SD card performance with high-speed SDR104 mode.

Faster CPU, better GPU: The VideoCore VII GPU is compatible to OpenGL ES 3.1 and Vulkan 1.2. No big improvements on the hardware video decoders. But the two microHDMI sockets, each of which can control a 4K display at 60 Hertz, now support HDR.

Chiplet architecture for the Raspberry Pi 5

The major change introduced by the next gen RPi 5 is moving a lot of the I/O functions formally part of the application processor (AP) to a separate I/O controller for performance reasons. Only the SD card, SDRAM, HDMI and PCI Express are still provided by the AP.

The following I/O functions are now part of the newly introduced RP1 chip, connected to the AP via PCI Express:

  • 2x USB 3.0 ports – supports simultaneous 5Gbps operation
  • 2x USB 2.0 ports
  • Gigabit Ethernet – with PoE+ support (requires separate PoE+ HAT)
  • 2x four-lane MIPI transceivers for camera and display – supports simultaneous operation of two cameras or two displays
  • 2,4 GHz und 5,0 GHz 802.11ac WiFi – still no WiFi 6, but higher bandwidth for a stronger connection
  • Bluetooth 5.0 und BLE
  • 40-pin GPIO expansion header (UART, SPI, I2C, I2S und PWM)

The RP1 now controls most of the Raspberry Pi’s 5 I/O functions, resulting in more peripheral performance and functionality. This includes double USB bandwidth and the option to boot from USB 3.0.

Despite the changes introduced for the Raspberry Pi 5 the company states: “And while its interfaces differ in fine detail from those of BCM2711, they have been designed to be very similar from a functional perspective, ensuring a high degree of compatibility with earlier Raspberry Pi devices.“

Finally, RTC and a power button

Besides the BCM2712 and RP1, there is a third chip component that found its way to the Raspberry Pi 5 – the Renesas DA9091 “Gilmour” power-management IC (PMIC). Developed especially for the needs of Raspberry Pi 5 the PMIC is big news mainly because its development resulted in adding two highly anticipated features: a real-time clock (RTC) and a power button.

Raspberry Pi 5 RTC can wake the Pi 5 from sleep mode and is programmable! It needs to be powered from an external battery. The power button is also able to wake the Pi, switch it off or turn the power supply off.

Which OS is running on Raspberry Pi 5?

Raspberry Pi 5 runs Raspberry Pi OS, Bookworm, the latest version of the in-house developed operating system (OS). Older Pi OS versions are not supported. Other OSes such as Ubuntu and Android for Raspberry Pi are available.

Android on Raspberry Pi 5


We just released the first PREVIEW of Android 14 on Raspberry Pi 5. For all those who can't wait to run Android on the new Pi 5, go ahead and try our latest image!

For those who prefer a more stable version: Download Android 14 for Raspberry Pi 4 (supporting Raspberry Pi 4B, CM4, and 400 PC).

Why running Android on Raspberry Pi 5?

Raspberry Pi Android gives you the effortless touchscreen support that so many of today's devices require. Especially, customer-facing devices such as kiosk terminals or POS systems benefit from the great UX Android provides. Raspberry Pi Android OS gives you the additional advantage to run Android apps on your Raspberry Pi 5.

How to install Android 14 on Raspberry Pi 5

There are two ways to get the latest Android version on your Raspberry Pi 5:

  1. the official Raspberry Pi Imager, and
  2. the emteria Installer.

Click on 1, 2 or scroll down to read how to get started.

Don't care about an installation guide jet? Click on 1 or 2 to skip this section to:

  1. get a quick intro on how emteria makes Android the perfect fit for product building, or
  2. learn more about the accessories currently available for the new Raspberry Pi 5.

Install Android with the official Raspberry Pi Imager

Kickstart your journey into the world of Android OS on Raspberry Pi 5 by installing the Raspberry Pi Imager.

      1. Head over to the Raspberry Pi website and explore the Install Raspberry Pi OS using Raspberry Pi Imager section. Download the appropriate version for your operating system, be it Ubuntu for x86, Windows, or macOS. Simply follow the provided instructions to complete the installation of the Imager.
        Source: Raspberry Pi Imager / Screenshoot
      2. Insert your SD card into the slot or reader on your PC and launch the Raspberry Pi Imager. If a prompt appears, be sure to grant any necessary permissions for the application to run smoothly.
      3. Pick Raspberry Pi device and select No filtering.
        Source: Raspberry Pi Imager / Screenshoot
      4. When using the Raspberry Pi Imager, you'll have a variety of operating systems to browse through. Make sure to explore the Freemium and paid-for OS section.
        Source: Raspberry Pi Imager / Screenshoot
        Note: Our Starter plan is completely free and does not have any hidden costs. You do not need to provide any credit card info for registration or future use.
      5. Choose Android by emteria and select Android 14 (RPi 5).
        Source: Raspberry Pi Imager / Screenshoot
      6. Select the SD card you want to use and click Write. A dialog box will pop up, click on Confirm to proceed.
      7. Wait for write process and verification. Please be patient and avoid interrupting it.
      8. Once you have successfully received the success message, you can insert the SD card into your Raspberry Pi. Before doing so, ensure that you turn off your Pi and disconnect any peripherals.
      9. Finally, power up your Raspberry Pi and witness the boot process as the newly installed emteria Android OS springs to life, ensuring a smooth and uninterrupted user experience.

Next steps:

Follow our tutorial to on how to register for a new account, where to get a free starter subscription and how to activate your device with your emteria account.

Install Android with emteria Installer

First create a new emteria account (or login) and download the Installer compatible with your operating system.

Select a spacious SD card, with at least 32GB of storage capacity. Keep in mind that all existing data will be erased!


Image: emteria Installer settings to download Android 14 for Raspberry Pi 5

Before you proceed, take a moment to choose the correct release channel, target hardware platform, and the desired Android version you wish to install. Once you've made your selections, simply click the CONTINUE button and watch the magic unfold.

When the installation process is concluded, remove the micro SD card from your computer and insert it into your Pi 5. Power it on and jump right into your Android OS experience on your Raspberry Pi 5.

Next steps:

Follow our tutorial to get a free starter subscription and to activate your device with your emteria account.

A brief intro on whom emteria is

Here at emteria, we are dedicated to overcoming the challenges that come with running, customizing, and maintaining the Android OS on different types of hardware, including both off-the-shelf devices and custom industrial products. Our goal is to provide a seamless Android on Raspberry Pi 5 experience, ensuring great performance and a wide range of customization options for users.

That's precisely why the Android OS on Raspberry Pi 5 is a game-changer, as it not only brings the power of Android to your Pi but also enhances it with a range of fantastic features.

  • Easy customization options for Android
  • Integrated Kiosk mode and app autostart
  • Regular security patches and feature updates
  • Reliable infrastructure for Over-the-Air OS updates
  • Built-in SSH, VNC and MDM capabilities
  • Free Starter plan for your devices

Raspberry Pi 5 accessories

To get the most out of your Pi, Raspberry Pi provides a couple of accessories for the Raspberry Pi 5. There will certainly be more in the future.

For now, you can preorder:

  • Official Case for Raspberry Pi 5
  • Raspberry Pi 5 Active Cooler
  • Raspberry Pi 5 PoE+ HAT
  • Raspberry Pi 27W USB-C Power Supply
  • Panasonic ML-2020 Lithium-Mangan-Dioxid-Battery

Raspberry Pi 5 tends to run very hot. So, you need to think about cooling. The new Pi 5 case comes with a better way to distribute heat and has an active cooler already on board. The new PoE+ HAT for Raspberry Pi 5, along with the fan and cover, fits into the case. Please note that the active cooler is also available without the case.

Old cases cannot be reused since the new Pi 5 changed the positioning of USB and Ethernet ports. Unfortunately, your old Pi 4 PoE+ HAT will also not work with your new Raspberry Pi 5 due to the physical layout and power requirements.

The new USB-C power supply (5 V / 5A) allows your Pi 5 to power a greater number of peripheral devices than previous models. The Panasonic battery is needed to power the Raspberry Pi 5 RTC and can be connected directly to the battery connector on your board.

How much will the Raspberry Pi 5 cost?

Worth mentioning besides all the Raspberry Pi 5 tech specs - the price. All those improvements come at a higher price tag. The 4GB RAM variant starts at $60 and its bigger brother with 8GB at $80 (plus taxes). Check Raspberry Pi Approved Resellers for preorder options.

Final thoughts on Raspberry Pi 5

The Raspberry Pi 5 thrives to redefine the Raspberry Pi experience and as far as we’ve concerned it fulfills this promise. With its powerful design and new features like PCIe, RTC and a CPU frequency of 2.4GHz, the Raspberry Pi 5 will completely change the game.

To further boost its capacity to build great projects, we are working on supporting Android OS on Raspberry Pi 5. Keep your eyes open for new Android releases in the Raspberry Pi Imager. We keep you posted here.


Power your Raspberry Pi 5 with Android 14

Save your free Android OS starter plan with all features and no time limit — build Android products powered by Raspberry Pi.

No credit card required.

Start for free

Table of contents

emteria Demo
See emteria in action